Ultrasound-guided neuraxial anesthesia versus the use of anatomical landmarks in the elderly: prospective cohort study

Keywords: Anesthesia, Spinal puncture, Aged, Ultrasonography, Orthopedic procedures, Anesthesiology

Abstract

Introduction: Spinal anesthesia requires palpation of surfaces in order to identify the intervertebral spaces in the lumbar spine. In elderly individuals, the procedure is more challenging due to age-related degenerative changes in the spine.

Objective: To determine which technique between ultrasound (US) guidance or the use of anatomical landmarks to guide spinal anesthesia ensures a higher success rate in elderly patients.

Methods: Prospective observational cohort study in patients with an indication to receive subarachnoid anesthesia, regardless of the type of surgical intervention, carried out at Hospital Universitario del Valle and Fundación Hospital San José Buga. Data were collected over a 12-month period at the time of making the puncture. The treating anesthetists were free to choose between US guidance or the use of anatomical landmarks.

Results: Overall, 80 patients were assessed, including men and women over 65 years of age (mean 78.50±9.04). The number of punctures as well as needle redirections were significantly lower in the US-guided group. Additionally, in the group in which anatomical landmarks were used to guide the puncture, the marked site did not coincide with the actual puncture site confirmed with US in 37.5% of cases (p<0.001). This could result in inadequate block or complications associated with intradural puncture.

Conclusions: US-guided neuroaxial anesthesia in elderly individuals could facilitate success on the first attempt.

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How to Cite
1.
Caballero-Lozada AF, Sakamoto-T G, Carreño-Medina D, Pantoja MF, Velásquez F, Velásquez A. Ultrasound-guided neuraxial anesthesia versus the use of anatomical landmarks in the elderly: prospective cohort study. Colomb. J. Anesthesiol. [Internet]. 2024 Jun. 13 [cited 2024 Jul. 25];. Available from: https://www.revcolanest.com.co/index.php/rca/article/view/1116

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Published
2024-06-13
How to Cite
1.
Caballero-Lozada AF, Sakamoto-T G, Carreño-Medina D, Pantoja MF, Velásquez F, Velásquez A. Ultrasound-guided neuraxial anesthesia versus the use of anatomical landmarks in the elderly: prospective cohort study. Colomb. J. Anesthesiol. [Internet]. 2024 Jun. 13 [cited 2024 Jul. 25];. Available from: https://www.revcolanest.com.co/index.php/rca/article/view/1116
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