Effectiveness of a program for improving teamwork in Operanting Rooms
Introduction: The purpose of the trial was to establish whether a training program could improve teamwork in the Operating Rooms and the Obstetric Suite at a healthcare institution.
Method: Quasi-experimental before and after study - A multiphase and multi-method training program was implemented for improving teamwork, measured with the OTAS-S instrument in 40 surgical procedures, pre and post intervention. Training was given to 80% of the population. The descriptive analysis was abased on the data collected from each stage and the effectiveness was determined based on the comparison of the scores obtained.
Results: Post-intervention measurements revealed differences in the scores obtained by the teamwork between the two stages (MW U-test; z = 48.879, P = .0000). This effectiveness was shown in the surgical and obstetrics area. Two or more points of improvement in the average OTAS-S scores was identified in every phase, behaviors and sub-teams.
Conclusion: Intervention was effective for improving teamwork in the operating rooms and in the obstetrics suites in the short term. Further research is suggested including a control group and a more extended follow-up to establish long-term effectiveness.
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