Trauma severity scores

  • Camilo Andrés Restrepo-Álvarez School of Medicine, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia
  • Carlos Oliver Valderrama-Molina Orthopaedics Service, Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe, Medellín, Colombia
  • Nelson Giraldo-Ramírez Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe, Medellín, Colombia
  • Alfredo Constain-Franco a. Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe, Medellín, Colombia. b. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia
  • Andrés Puerta a. Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe, Medellín, Colombia. b. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia
  • Alba Luz León National Public Health School, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia
  • Fabián Jaimes Internal Medicine, Clinical Epidemiology Academic Group, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia
Keywords: Trauma severity indices, Prognosis, Anesthesia, Severity of illness index, Wounds and injuries

Abstract

Introduction: Throughout the years, several methods have been developed to help determine injury severity and obtain accurate prognoses in trauma patients. Trauma scores that have been used for more than 40 years are extremely useful in clinical practice as well as in research.

Objective: To conduct a review of the most relevant literature on trauma and to make a description of each of the scoring tools, focusing on their limitations and their application in clinical trials.

Materials and methods: Narrative review conducted in different databases such as PubMed, ScienceDirect and OVID. A manual search was also conducted of articles on the subject in both English and Spanish.

Results: The review articles provided an adequate description of each of the scores, the way they are calculated, the main limitations in their application, and the most relevant findings in the literature.

Conclusion: There is a wide range of severity scores used in trauma patients for anticipating clinically significant outcomes with varying degrees of accuracy. Creating and validating a single, universally valid score is a huge challenge; consequently, the selection of the scoring tool is based, to a large extent, on experience, the context and the available evidence.

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How to Cite
1.
Restrepo-Álvarez CA, Valderrama-Molina CO, Giraldo-Ramírez N, Constain-Franco A, Puerta A, León AL, Jaimes F. Trauma severity scores. Colomb. j. anesthesiol. [Internet]. 2016Oct.1 [cited 2020Sep.27];44(4):317–323. Available from: https://www.revcolanest.com.co/index.php/rca/article/view/609

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Published
2016-10-01
How to Cite
1.
Restrepo-Álvarez CA, Valderrama-Molina CO, Giraldo-Ramírez N, Constain-Franco A, Puerta A, León AL, Jaimes F. Trauma severity scores. Colomb. j. anesthesiol. [Internet]. 2016Oct.1 [cited 2020Sep.27];44(4):317–323. Available from: https://www.revcolanest.com.co/index.php/rca/article/view/609
Section
Narrative review