Anesthetic considerations in patients with implantable devices and chronic pain surgery

  • Francisco Javier Camargo Cárdenas Anesthesiology, Universidad de La Sabana. Chía, Colombia.
  • Alejandra Valencia Cataño Universidad de Caldas. Manizales, Colombia.
  • Juan Felipe Vargas Pain Unit, Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe. Medellín, Colombia.
Keywords: Anesthesia, Cronic pain, Drug implants, Spinal cord stimulation, Surgery

Abstract

The use of advanced invasive techniques for the control of chronic pain in patients with multiple comorbidities is becoming increasingly common. Neuromodulation offers a new management alternative involving the infusion of one or more drugs into the epidural or intrathecal space through a fully implantable infusion pump. It also involves spinal stimulation, a minimally invasive technique in which electrodes are positioned in the epidural space and connected to a pulse generator that is implanted subcutaneously and generates pulses designed to suppress the noxious stimulus. This article will describe the anesthetic considerations in cases of implantable drug delivery systems, and spinal and peripheral nerve stimulation devices. Additionally, patients with electrical or drug neuromodulation devices may present to anesthetic practice for surgical indications unrelated to their chronic pain pathology. Hence the importance of being familiar with the basic components of these devices, how they work, what drugs they use and the potential associated complications in the perioperative context, in order to ensure proper management and patient safety.

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How to Cite
1.
Camargo Cárdenas FJ, Valencia Cataño A, Vargas JF. Anesthetic considerations in patients with implantable devices and chronic pain surgery. Colomb. J. Anesthesiol. [Internet]. 2021May3 [cited 2021Oct.16];49. Available from: https://www.revcolanest.com.co/index.php/rca/article/view/989

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Published
2021-05-03
How to Cite
1.
Camargo Cárdenas FJ, Valencia Cataño A, Vargas JF. Anesthetic considerations in patients with implantable devices and chronic pain surgery. Colomb. J. Anesthesiol. [Internet]. 2021May3 [cited 2021Oct.16];49. Available from: https://www.revcolanest.com.co/index.php/rca/article/view/989
Section
Narrative review

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