Postoperative residual curarization at the post-anesthetic care unit of a university hospital: A cross-sectional study

  • Fredy Ariza a. Anesthesiology and perioperative medicine, Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali, Colombia. b. Department of Anesthesiology, Hospital Universitario del Valle, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia
  • Fabián Dorado Anesthesiology and perioperative medicine, Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali, Colombia
  • Luis E. Enríquez Department of Anesthesiology, Hospital Universitario del Valle, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia
  • Vanessa González Department of Anesthesiology, Hospital Universitario del Valle, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia
  • Juan Manuel Gómez a. Department of Anesthesiology, Hospital Universitario del Valle, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia. b. Anesthesiology Service, Centro Médico Imbanaco, Cali, Colombia
  • Katheryne Chaparro-Mendoza Anesthesiology and perioperative medicine, Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali, Colombia
  • Ángela Marulanda Anesthesiology and perioperative medicine, Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali, Colombia
  • Diana Durán Department of Anesthesiology, Hospital Universitario del Valle, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia
  • Reinaldo Carvajal Anesthesiology Service, Centro Médico Imbanaco, Cali, Colombia
  • Alex Humberto Castro-Gómez Department of Anesthesiology, Hospital Universitario del Valle, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia
  • Plauto Figueroa Department of Anesthesiology, Hospital Universitario del Valle, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia
  • Hugo Medina Department of Anesthesiology, Hospital Universitario del Valle, Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia
Keywords: Neuromuscular blocking agents, Anesthesia, Perioperative period, Prevalence, Delayed emergence from anesthesia

Abstract

Introduction: Postoperative residual curarization has been related to postoperative complications.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of postoperative residual curarization in a university hospital and its association with perioperative conditions.

Method: A prospective registry of 102 patients in a period of 4 months was designed to include ASA I-II patients who intraoperatively received nondepolarizing neuromuscular blockers. Abductor pollicis response to a train-of-four stimuli based on accelleromyography and thenar eminence temperature (TOF-Watch SX®. Organon, Ireland) was measured immediately upon arrival at the postanesthetic care unit and 30 s later. Uni-bivariate analysis was planned to determine possible associations with residual curarization, defined as two repeated values of T4/T1 ratio <0.90 in response to train-of-four stimuli.

Results: Postoperative residual curarization was detected in 42.2% of the subjects. Pancuronium was associated with a high risk for train-of-four response <0.9 at the arrive at postoperative care unit [RR:2.56 (IC95% 1.99-3.30); = 0.034]. A significant difference in thenar temperature (°C) was found in subjects with train-of-four <0.9 when compared to those who reach adequate neuromuscular function (29.9 ± 1.6 vs. 31.1 ± 2.2; respectively. = 0.003). However, we were unable to demonstrate a direct attribution of findings in train-of-four response to temperature (R2 determination coefficient = 0.08%).

Conclusions: A high prevalence of postoperative residual curarization persists in university hospitals, despite a reduced use of "long-lasting" neuromuscular blockers. Strategies to assure neuromuscular monitoring practice and access to therapeutic alternatives in this setting must be considered. Intraoperative neuromuscular blockers using algorithms and continued education in this field must be priorities within anesthesia services.

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How to Cite
1.
Ariza F, Dorado F, Enríquez LE, González V, Gómez JM, Chaparro-Mendoza K, et al. Postoperative residual curarization at the post-anesthetic care unit of a university hospital: A cross-sectional study. Colomb. J. Anesthesiol. [Internet]. 2017 Jan. 1 [cited 2024 Feb. 28];45(1):15-21. Available from: https://www.revcolanest.com.co/index.php/rca/article/view/42

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Published
2017-01-01
How to Cite
1.
Ariza F, Dorado F, Enríquez LE, González V, Gómez JM, Chaparro-Mendoza K, et al. Postoperative residual curarization at the post-anesthetic care unit of a university hospital: A cross-sectional study. Colomb. J. Anesthesiol. [Internet]. 2017 Jan. 1 [cited 2024 Feb. 28];45(1):15-21. Available from: https://www.revcolanest.com.co/index.php/rca/article/view/42
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