Predictors of pain and prolonged length of stay after orthognathic surgery: A retrospective cohort study

  • Adriana Shinagawa Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital, São Paulo University, São Paulo, Brazil
  • Fernando Elias Melhem Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital, São Paulo University, São Paulo, Brazil
  • Antônio Carlos de Campos Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital, São Paulo University, São Paulo, Brazil
  • Domingos Dias Cicarelli Department of Anesthesiology, University Hospital, São Paulo University, São Paulo, Brazil
  • Elke Frerichs Department of Anesthesiology, University Hospital, São Paulo University, São Paulo, Brazil
Keywords: Orthognathic surgery, Pain postoperative, Anesthesia, Length of stay, Pain

Abstract

Introduction: Orthognathic treatment has assumed an important role in orthodontics and maxillofacial surgery in the last years; however, little has been investigated about this type of treatment.

Objectives: The main purpose of this study was to identify major factors and/or predictors associated with postoperative pain (PP) and hospital length of stay (LOS) after orthognathic surgery.

Materials and methods: 52 patients who underwent orthognathic surgery from 2008 to 2010 at the University Hospital of São Paulo University were investigated. Study variables such as patient characteristics, preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative data were collected. The outcome variables were PP and LOS. Descriptive and analytical statistics was computed for all variables.

Results: 27.6% of patients had pain in the postoperative period. Lidocaine used in general anesthesia was an associated factor of PP. The overall mean LOS was 2 days; gender, location of procedure, type and duration of anesthesia were identified as probable predisposing factors. There was a significant correlation between anesthesia time and discharge. Anesthesia variables were more predictably related with postoperative pain and hospitalization time. Location of orthognathic procedure, however, was an important surgical variable that influenced in LOS.

Conclusions: Intravenous lidocaine boluses used during general anesthesia were associated with PP. Male patients, single-jaw surgery, inhalational anesthesia and duration of anesthesia were predisposing factors that improve LOS.

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How to Cite
1.
Shinagawa A, Melhem FE, de Campos AC, Dias Cicarelli D, Frerichs E. Predictors of pain and prolonged length of stay after orthognathic surgery: A retrospective cohort study. Colomb. J. Anesthesiol. [Internet]. 2015 Apr. 1 [cited 2024 Apr. 23];43(2):129-35. Available from: https://www.revcolanest.com.co/index.php/rca/article/view/431

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Published
2015-04-01
How to Cite
1.
Shinagawa A, Melhem FE, de Campos AC, Dias Cicarelli D, Frerichs E. Predictors of pain and prolonged length of stay after orthognathic surgery: A retrospective cohort study. Colomb. J. Anesthesiol. [Internet]. 2015 Apr. 1 [cited 2024 Apr. 23];43(2):129-35. Available from: https://www.revcolanest.com.co/index.php/rca/article/view/431
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