Airway anatomy for the bronchoscopist: An anesthesia approach

  • Hans Fred García Araque Cardiovascular Anesthesiologist, Anesthesiology and Resuscitation Department, Hospital Militar Central, Bogotá D.C., Colombia
  • Oscar Valencia Orgaz Anesthesiologist, FEA Anesthesiology and Resuscitation Department Hospital 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
  • Ramón López Vicente Anesthesiologist, DESA, FEA Anesthesiology and Resuscitation Department Hospital 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain
  • Sergio Esteban Gutiérrez Vidal Medical Student, Universidad Militar Nueva Granada, Bogotá D.C., Colombia
Keywords: Bronchoscopy, Anatomy, Airway management, Anesthesia, Pulmonary medicine


Introduction: Knowledge and development of skills in the management of the airway is one of important competencies in the training of the anesthesiologist, "knowledge" and "know how well and fast" are decisive in some critical situations during the anesthetic management. Bronchoscopy is a useful both diagnostic and therapeutic procedure. Knowledge of technique and the anatomy of the airway is the key of bronchoscopy, finding different anatomic variations and classifications of the airway.

Objective: Describe the airway anatomy through diagrams, evaluate anatomic variations and characteristics of procedure.

Methodology: With the keywords "Bronchoscopy" and "Anatomy", "Airway", "Anesthesia" held a non-systematic review databases (PUBMED/MEDLINE, OVID, Science Direct, SciELO).

Results and conclusions: The bronchoscopy is a useful procedure in the surgical level and diagnosis, being used in various procedures. Airway anatomical variations occur in a small percentage of the population. Anatomical classifications are different both anatomic as numerically, but what is important is developing a spatial relation. Bronchoscopy is a technique that goes in parallel development of other advances in biomedical technology, is a procedure whereby the anesthesiologist should be investigated in order to generate better effects in the field of the anesthesiology.


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García Araque HF, Valencia Orgaz O, López Vicente R, Gutiérrez Vidal SE. Airway anatomy for the bronchoscopist: An anesthesia approach. Colomb. J. Anesthesiol. [Internet]. 2014Jul.1 [cited 2021Jun.24];42(3):192-8. Available from:


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How to Cite
García Araque HF, Valencia Orgaz O, López Vicente R, Gutiérrez Vidal SE. Airway anatomy for the bronchoscopist: An anesthesia approach. Colomb. J. Anesthesiol. [Internet]. 2014Jul.1 [cited 2021Jun.24];42(3):192-8. Available from:
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