Intraoperative adenosine for pheochromocytoma with myocardial infarction and SARS-CoV-2. Case report

Keywords: Pheochromocytoma, COVID-19, Catecholamine, Hemodynamic monitoring, Adenosine triphosphate, Adrenergic antagonists, Anesthesiology

Abstract

Introduction: Pheochromocytomas are neuroendocrine tumors capable of synthetizing, storing and releasing catecholaminergic hormones that may lead to life-threatening hemodynamic instability. The COVID-19 pandemic has increased the risks and perioperative complexity of the patients undergoing pheochromocytoma-associated adrenalectomy. This article discusses the use of adenosine for the management of hypertensive crisis during this intervention, as well as the need to individualize the suitable timing for surgery after recent COVID-19 infection.

Case presentation: This article discusses the case of a patient with a finding of right adrenal incidentaloma; further studies determined a metanephrines secreting pheochromocytoma. Following hospital admission for preoperative optimization, the eve of the procedure the patient developed an acute myocardial infarction and subsequently SARS-CoV-2 symptomatic infection. Intraoperatively, hypertensive peaks were managed with continuous adenosine perfusion. The patient was discharged after 48 hours.

Conclusions: Preoperative optimization positively influences the intraoperative management of patients with pheochromocytoma. The intraoperative use of adenosine allows for adequate and safe control of hypertensive crises. Each situation must be individualized in patients pending surgery, with a recent COVID-19 infection.

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How to Cite
1.
Alonso Alonso M, Morales Ariza V, Loaiza Aldeán Y, de Miguel Negro M, Martínez Silva O, Casteràs Román A. Intraoperative adenosine for pheochromocytoma with myocardial infarction and SARS-CoV-2. Case report. Colomb. J. Anesthesiol. [Internet]. 2021Nov.16 [cited 2022Jun.29];50(3). Available from: https://www.revcolanest.com.co/index.php/rca/article/view/1015

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Published
2021-11-16
How to Cite
1.
Alonso Alonso M, Morales Ariza V, Loaiza Aldeán Y, de Miguel Negro M, Martínez Silva O, Casteràs Román A. Intraoperative adenosine for pheochromocytoma with myocardial infarction and SARS-CoV-2. Case report. Colomb. J. Anesthesiol. [Internet]. 2021Nov.16 [cited 2022Jun.29];50(3). Available from: https://www.revcolanest.com.co/index.php/rca/article/view/1015
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Case Report / Case Series
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