Elective surgery after Covid-19: A narrative review of the literature

  • Lorena Zapata Contreras S.E.S. Special Health Services, Hospital Universitario de Caldas. Manizales, Colombia.
  • Jenny Andrea Páez Jiménez S.E.S. Special Health Services, Hospital Universitario de Caldas. Manizales, Colombia.
  • Juan Sebastián Castro González Emergencies and Hospitalization, Clínica Santillana. Manizales, Colombia.
  • Andrés Villada Duque Perioperative Medicine Team, Servicios Especiales de Salud S.E.S., Hospital Universitario de Caldas. Manizales, Colombia.
Keywords: COVID-19, Elective surgery procedures, Preoperative period, Diagnostic techniques and procedures, Anesthesiology

Abstract

By November 2021, at the time of preparing this article, the disease caused by the new coronavirus (Coronavirus Disease 2019 - COVID-19), declared as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on March 11, 2020, had affected more than 128 million people and claimed upwards of 5 million lives. Many of the patients who suffered from this disease will need elective procedures, and this will require knowledge on how to perform the surgery, what tests to order and the extent of preoperative optimization. The objective of this work was to conduct a narrative review of the current evidence regarding time to the performance of an elective procedure in a patient who suffered from COVID-19, the preoperative tests that need to be ordered, and the degree of clinical optimization required according to the complexity of the surgery and individual patient clinical condition. A search was conducted in the Pubmed/Medline, Science Direct, OVID and SciELO databases, as well as in the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) web-based platforms. Although the evidence is still limited, different scientific societies have issued relevant guidelines pertaining to the timing of an elective procedure after COVID-19 infection. For patients who were asymptomatic, the time is 4 weeks after the initial diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2, whereas for symptomatic patients with a mild to moderate course, the time is at least 7 weeks, and 12 weeks if ICU admission was required. There are no guidelines pertaining to preoperative tests or the degree of clinical optimization, although institutional protocols have been developed based on expert consensus on the topic.

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How to Cite
1.
Zapata Contreras L, Páez Jiménez JA, Castro González JS, Villada Duque A. Elective surgery after Covid-19: A narrative review of the literature. Colomb. J. Anesthesiol. [Internet]. 2022Jan.18 [cited 2022Jul.6];50(3). Available from: https://www.revcolanest.com.co/index.php/rca/article/view/1022

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Published
2022-01-18
How to Cite
1.
Zapata Contreras L, Páez Jiménez JA, Castro González JS, Villada Duque A. Elective surgery after Covid-19: A narrative review of the literature. Colomb. J. Anesthesiol. [Internet]. 2022Jan.18 [cited 2022Jul.6];50(3). Available from: https://www.revcolanest.com.co/index.php/rca/article/view/1022
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Narrative review
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