Post cardiac arrest syndrome

  • José Ricardo Navarro-Vargas School of Medicine, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia
  • José Luis Díaz Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Mayo Clinic, FL, USA
Keywords: Heart arrest, Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, Percutaneous coronary intervention, Hypothermia induced, Blood, Circulation


Background: Resuscitation from cardiac arrest with global ischemia restores spontaneous circulation in some patients; however, survival depends on many factors associated with post cardiac arrest syndrome. During the last ten years, the understanding and control of these factors have improved the prognosis in a subgroup of patients.
Objective: To describe the pathophysiology and current management of the post cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS).
Methodology: Narrative review of the literature using Medline via PubMed and Clinical Trials, using the terms MeSH cardiac arrest – Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and (no term MeSH) Post cardiac arrest syndrome.
Results: Clinical trials have established a set of management protocols and guidelines based on therapeutic objectives with survival rates exceeding 50% of the cardiac arrest victims.
Conclusions: The management of this syndrome has actually strengthened the last link in the survival chain by standardizing the evaluation and selection of cardiac arrest victims via a therapeutic hypothermia protocol and early percutaneous coronary intervention.


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How to Cite
Navarro-Vargas JR, Díaz JL. Post cardiac arrest syndrome. Colomb. J. Anesthesiol. [Internet]. 2014 Apr. 1 [cited 2022 Oct. 3];42(2):107-13. Available from:


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How to Cite
Navarro-Vargas JR, Díaz JL. Post cardiac arrest syndrome. Colomb. J. Anesthesiol. [Internet]. 2014 Apr. 1 [cited 2022 Oct. 3];42(2):107-13. Available from:
Narrative review